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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 吳秉恩(1986),組織行為學。台北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司。P404-408
  2. 19. 曾秋森(1995),問題解決教學法-在科技教育的角色與功能之探討。中學工藝教育月刊,28:8。
  3. 27. 張照璧(1999),國小學童師生衝突知覺之研究。國立台北師範
  4. 29. 楊樂生(1999),問題解決策略應用於概念設計之研究-以輪椅設計為例。立台灣師範大學工業科技教育研究所碩士學位論文。
  5. 34. 蕭碧茹,洪振方(2000),案例式推理與科學教學。物理教育第三卷第二期。
Times Cited (39) 〈TOP〉
  1. 翁祐哲(2013)。團隊衝突類型與任務滿意度之關聯性研究—以會計師事務所專業員工為例。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-82。 
  2. 王啟亮(2010)。公共政策過程中的衝突與整合-以臺北捷運內湖線為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-150。 
  3. 鄧宜欣(2010)。大學院校行政人員角色認同、組織認同、衝突類型對其衝突因應行為影響之研究。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-168。 
  4. 許景堯(2009)。臺北縣國民小學組織公平與組織衝突關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-262。 
  5. 謝宇鈞(2009)。不同性別團體帶領者問題解決之研究─以婚暴加害人團體帶領者為例。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-146。 
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