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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李美枝、鍾秋玉(民85):「性別與性別角色析論」,本土心理學研究12(6),P260-P299。
  2. 林滿祝(民91):「交易式/轉換式領導風格對於員工態度之關聯性研究—以親信關係及員工人格特質為情境變項」,中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  3. Bryman,A(1992).Charisma and Leadership in Organizations. London Sage.
  4. BarrickM.R.,&Mount,M.k.(1991). The Big-Five personality dimensions in job performance, A meta-analysis. Personnel Psychology.44.pp.1-26
  5. Bass, B. M.(1985). Leadership and Performance Beyund Expectations. New York:Free Press.
Times Cited (200) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林漢忠(2015)。領導者人格特質與管理能力對部屬工作績效之影響-以國防單位為例。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-46。 
  2. 張競之(2015)。銷售人員外表吸引力與說服策略以及消費者人格特質 對衝動性購買的影響-以服飾業為例。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-117。 
  3. 巫宗晏(2015)。轉換型領導與交易型領導對工作滿意度與團隊績效之影響。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-52。 
  4. 李文雄(2015)。員工情感表達對員工薪酬之影響-以服務業為例。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-84。 
  5. 李佳勳(2015)。探討蘋果、三星與華碩手機廠商企業家之人格特質與領導風格。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-93。 
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