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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許玠為 民84,「我國研發單位技術授權制度之研究」,私立元智工學院商業及管理學系碩士論文。
  2. 陳怡之 民90,「經濟部科技發展專案九十年度計畫執行報告-研究機構加值智權之措施」,財團法人工業技術研究院。
  3. 黃伯嘉 民91,「技術資產的鑑價-工具與方法之探討」,私立元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 劉力仁 民92,「生技製藥產業評價模式通用性之研究-以台灣上市(櫃)公司為例」,私立中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  5. Bore,F.Peter(2000), “ Valuation of Technology Using Real Optional” Research Technology Management, Vol.42.1002,pp26-30.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉韋博(2015)。生技製藥產業創新技術之價值創造模式-以新興細胞治療公司為例。臺灣大學財務金融組學位論文。2015。1-92。 
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