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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. Bonnet, A., J. Haton, and J. Truong-Ngoc, Expert Systems – Principles and
  2. Practice 3rd Edition. PWS Publishing Company, 1998
  3. systems; the need for explicit specifications of domain conceptualisations,"
  4. International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law, 1997, pp.132-141
  5. 5. Chandrasekaran, B., J. R. Josephson, and V. R. Benjamins, "What are
Times Cited (23) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林英潔(2007)。採用本體論及推論於資料語意偵錯之研究。淡江大學資訊管理學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-49。 
  2. 黃翊軒(2007)。本體論為基之智慧型專利文件分類方法論研究。清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系學位論文。2007。1-145。 
  3. 蘇毓涵(2009)。發展以知識模型為基礎的排課系統。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-66。 
  4. 黃建智(2009)。以本體技術為基礎分析網路新聞之競爭智慧。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-98。 
  5. 黃盈豪(2009)。以知識本體為基礎建構病毒分類知識庫系統。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-72。 
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