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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 13. 莊奕琦‧李鈞元,「如何衡量人力資本:理論與台灣實證」,經濟論文叢刊,第31卷第一期p51-85,2003。
  2. 2. Brogden, H. E. & Taylor. E. K. The dollar criterion-applying the cost accounting concept to criterion construction. Personnel Psychology, 3, p.133-154. 1950
  3. 3. Cascio, W. Costing human resources: The financial impact of behavior in organizations (2nd ed.). Boston: Kent. 1987
  4. 4. Craswell, A. Surrogates in accounting. Abacus, 14, p.81-93. 1978
  5. 5. Flamholtz, E. G. Human resources accouting. Encino, CA: Dickinson. 1974.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃國茹(2011)。應用職能模型探討我國飛航管制員選訓流程之研究。淡江大學運輸管理學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-194。 
  2. 王中正(2007)。公司職能需求、員工技能評量、員工興趣評量以及員工工作滿意之關聯性研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-80。 
  3. 沃聰伶(2009)。財務部門職能模型之建構-以某汽車製造公司為例。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-100。
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