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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Cox, J. F., Spencer, M. S., & American Production and Inventory Control Society. (1998). The Constraints Management Handbook. Boca Raton, Fla.; Falls Church, Va.: St. Lucie Press; Apics.
  2. 3.Duncker (1945), On Problem Solving, Psychilogical Monographs, 58,No.5.
  3. 5.Guild J. (1938), Rasch Measurement Transactions, 15:1 p.798-9
  4. 9.Mach, Guaqueta (2001), Utilization of the Seven Ishikawa Tools (Old Tools) in the Six Sigma Strategy, 24th International Spring Seminar on Electronics Technology.
  5. 10.McMullen, T. B. (1998). Introduction to the Theory of Constraints (TOC) Management System. Boca Raton Florida: St. Lucie Press.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任國炙(2006)。護理人員創造力人格、情緒智力、問題解決與工作績效之關係。中興大學企業管理學系所學位論文。2006。1-109。 
  2. 舒苡瑄(2011)。半導體設備組裝廠流程分析。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2011。1-96。 
  3. 魏伶伃(2007)。限制理論在大學選課作業改善之應用研究。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2007。1-60。 
  4. 李德浩(2006)。應用衝突圖與次協調思維在衝突問題解決之研究。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2006。1-114。 
  5. 黃水木(2006)。整合衡量概念之TOC問題解決模式研究。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2006。1-102。 
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