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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳金在(2000),「企業轉型與國際化之實證研究-台灣鋼鐵業為例」,成功大學企管
  2. 陳永順(2000),「國際散裝乾貨船市場分析」,船舶與海運通訊,第十八期,頁15-24。
  3. Albertson, K.and J. Aylen (1999)“Forecasting Using a Periodic Transfer Function:With an Application to the UK Price of Ferrous Scrap,”International Journal of Forecasting Vol.15, p.p. 409-419.
  4. Albertson, K.and J. Aylen(1996)“Modelling the Great Lakes freeze:Forecasting and Seasonality in the Market for Ferrous Scrap,”International Journal of Forecasting Vol. 12, p.p. 345-359.
  5. Crompton, Paul (2001)“The Diffusion of New Steelmaking Technology,”Resoures Policy Vol.27, p.p. 87-95.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李倩瑜(2014)。應用基因演算法結合時間序列於台灣地區鋼鐵價格漲跌幅之預測。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-62。 
  2. 鄭佩君(2014)。應用基因演算法結合時間序列於台灣地區鋼鐵需求漲跌幅之預測。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-74。 
  3. 王鈺婷(2013)。應用蜜蜂繁殖演化結合自組織映射圖 網路於台灣地區鋼鐵需求漲跌幅之預測。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-76。 
  4. 翁怡欣(2013)。應用蜜蜂繁殖演化結合自組織映射圖網路於台灣地區鋼鐵價格漲跌幅之預測。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-76。 
  5. 施柏州(2012)。應用蜜蜂繁殖演化倒傳遞類神經網路於台灣地區鋼鐵價格之預測。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-99。 
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