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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林坤燦(1998)。花蓮地區身心障礙教育支持系統相關問題之調查研究。東台灣特殊教育學報,1,1-60。
  2. 吳武典(1994)。殘障朋友潛在資源開發與配合措施。特殊教育季刊,51,1-8。
  3. 吳昆壽(民2001)。資優障礙學生家庭生態系統研究。資優教育研究,1,85-110。
  4. 洪儷瑜(2001)。英國的融合教育。台北:學富。
  5. 桃園縣政府教育局(2006)。桃園縣95學年度身心障礙學生轉介鑑定安置工作手冊。桃園:桃園縣政府教育局。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張淑美(2008)。桃園縣國民小學實施客語教學執行成效之研究-以學校支持系統觀點。中央大學客家政治經濟與政策研究所在職碩士專班學位論文。2008。1-353。
  2. 劉杏娟(2012)。國中資源班教師對學習障礙學生十二年就學安置參與及需求之研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-133。
  3. 鄭麗蘭(2012)。十二年就學安置之高中職學習障礙學生學校適應研究-以新北市為例。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-127。
  4. 陳雅芳(2015)。運用多媒體教學提升兒童英語學習態度與效能之研究-以「朗朗學英語」為例。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-102。
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