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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 123 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王明玲(2002)。學校志工領導行為影響志工組織發展之研究—以台北縣國小志工為例。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 利百芳(2004)。家長參與學校事務之個案研究—以桃園縣一所國小為例。中原大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  3. 杜宜玲(2005)。學校志工人員培訓與管理運作之關係:以臺北縣彭福國民小學為例。元智大學資訊社會學研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  4. 林海清(1990)。學校義工制度探微。師友月刊,280,24-26。
  5. 邱朝基(2007)。婦女參與學校志願服務經驗之研究—以學校志工為例。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育與文化行政碩士學位在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃紹恩(2011)。場域創意閱讀教學。臺東大學進修部語文教育碩學位在職專(暑)學位論文。2011。1-362。 
  2. 黃碧月(2011)。臺中市國民小學學校志工參與動機與組織承諾關係之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2011。1-164。 
  3. 戴富媛(2013)。特教班家長參與班級活動之學習歷程。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-125。
  4. 蔡旻婷(2014)。志工參與國民小學天文教育服務學習經驗之研究 -以嘉義市某國小家長志工團為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-158。
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