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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 14.黃立主編,民法債編各論(上)(下),元照出版有限公司出版,初版(2006)。
  2. 1. 吳庭珺,工程爭議導向之專案文件管理雛型系統,中央大學營建管理硏究所(2006)。
  3. 3. 李昇蓉,承包商對營建工程工期遲延及阻擾(Disruption)之索賠,政治大學法律研究所碩士論文(2009)。
  4. 4. 林志成,我國公共工程與FIDIC一般條款之索賠請求權差異比較,台北科技大學土木與防災研究所碩士論文(2008)。
  5. 6 張嘉琪,共同遲延責任分配之系統化分析方法,中央大學營建管理硏究所碩士論文(2007)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陶奕亘(2015)。公共工程進度遲延爭議之原因探討及因應策略之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2015。1-88。 
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