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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 10.社團法人台灣環境資訊協會,環境信託手冊,2008。
  2. 1.陳春山,公益信託的理念與制度,律師雜誌1月號268期,台北,2002
  3. 3.吳行浩,論環境信託制度之理論與實際:以美國法經驗與對我國之立法借鏡為中心,高大法學論叢 第四期,2008
  4. 5.彭俊亨、陳秋政,台灣公益信託實務發展之分析:公益行動之蹊徑,2009。發表於「全球化下新公共管理趨勢與挑戰--理論與實踐研討會(TASPAA 2009年會)
  5. 1.林秋芳(2005),環境信託理念應用於台灣私有林地經營管理之研究-以龍崎鄉為例,國立成功大學都市計畫研究所碩士論文,未出版。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳梓溦(2012)。信託行為租稅優惠之探討。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2012。1-83。 
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