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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 19 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [5] 林延益,陳世瑋,沈峰吉,中小企業推動六標準差改善專案之實務探討,Journal of Quality Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 52-56,2007。
  2. [6] 吳孟沄*徐自強,以流程績效持續改善能力造就6 Sigma, Journal of Quality Vol.40, No.1, pp. 58-60,2004。
  3. [7] 楊亨利*陳紹元,顧客導向之企業營運流程改善,管理評論 20卷1期, pp. 161-205,2001。
  4. [8] 徐自強,客製化六標準差:營運流程改善(BPI),Journal of Quality Vol.42, No.8, pp.43-49,2006。
  5. [9] A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge: PMBOK® guide, Third Edition, 2004, Project Management Institute.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 卓孟輝(2015)。以六標準差流程結合IDEF0分析手法提升生產效率之研究 -以個案U公司為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2015。1-70。
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