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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王錦銘(2010)。科學玩具遊戲教學對國小五年級學生學習成效之研究。臺北市立教育大學科學教育中心,未出版,台北市。
  2. 王鴻儒(2005)。在設計製作歷程中培養學生解決問題能力並持續學習動機之行動研究。國立台北師範學院自然科學教育研究所,未出版,台北市。
  3. 李慈惠(2012):科學玩具融入教學對國小四年級學童昆蟲單元學習影響之研究。私立中原大學教育研究所,未出版,桃園。
  4. 許良榮(2009):科學遊戲之教學設計與科學展覽應用。科學教育月刊,316,43-48
  5. 郭伯銓(2001)。應用全球資訊網培養國中學生問題解決之實驗研究。國立高雄師範大學工業科技教育研究所,未出版,高雄。
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