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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 28. 李信興(2011)。論我國高等教育擴張後之「教育性失業」議題。學校行政雙月刊,7期,197-211。
  2. 32. 林倩如(2007)。高等教育投資值得嗎?研究所教育報酬之探討。國立中央大學經濟研究所碩士論文,全國博碩士論文摘要,550 005M 96-2。
  3. 52. 黃英忠、張國義、杜佩蘭(2002)。報紙招募廣告內容及訴求--招募者與求職者觀點。人力資源管理學報,2(2),099-112。
  4. 65. 房美玉(2002),儲備幹部人格特質甄選量表之建立與應用--以某高科技公司為例。人力資源管理學報,2(1),1-18。
  5. 71. 曾嬿芬,吳介民(2010)。重新思考公民身份的政治面向:移居中國之台灣人公民身份政策為例。政治與社會哲學評論,32,93-143。
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