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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 154 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋佳苓(2009)。問題本位學習教學模式在七年級學生數學學習之行動研究(未出版碩士論文)。中原大學教育研究所碩士論文,桃園縣。
  2. 林建良、黃台珠(2010)。概念圖與程序V圖對大專生程式解題能力之影響。教學科技與媒體,93,61-76。
  3. 吳清山(2002)。知識經濟與教育發展。初等教育學刊,12,1-18。
  4. 姚乃慈(2004)。問題導向學習策略在國中生活科技課程實施成效之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立師範大學工業教育研究所論文,台北市。
  5. 洪榮昭(1993)。PBL教學策略。技術及職業教育雙月刊,61,10-12。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪禎瞰(2017)。「問題本位學習」融入班級科展活動對國小五年級學童的自我導向學習之個案研究-以桃園市某國小為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-108。
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