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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1]. 吳寂絹, & 邱銘心. (2012). 大學生於社群網站之資訊揭露現象分析. 大學圖書館, 16(2), 170-191.
  2. [2]. 林奇賢, 黃耿鐘, & Chou, C.C. (2007). 數位學習歷程檔案系統在網路學習環境中的角色與意義. 南大學報 第四十一卷第二期.
  3. [4]. 侯正裕, 陳靜枝, & 陳鴻基. (2010). 為何人們使用社交網站? 認知專注的觀點. 資訊管理學報, 17, 97-116.
  4. [6]. 高秋娟. (2012). 教師使用Facebook增進專業發展之有效學習原則初探.
  5. [8]. 張淑萍. (2000). 談新世代教師如何利用網路學習社群進行 e-learning. 研習資訊, 17(6), 76-81.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭明仁(2015)。社群網站上師生關係對班級經營管理影響之研究:以臉書為例。屏東科技大學資訊管理系所學位論文。2015。1-98。 
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