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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 【3】 Roland Pusch &Raymond N. Yong ,”Microstructure of Smectite Clays and Engineering Performance” ,Taylor&Francis ,2006
  2. 【8】 T. Egloffstein, “Properties and test methods to assess bentonite used in geosynthetic clay liners”,Geosynthetic Clay Liners pp.58~59
  3. 【9】 Mark H.Gleason,David E. Daniel,Gerald R. Eykhholt.”Calcium and Sodium Bentonite For Hydraulic Containment Applications.”,Journal Of Geotechnical And Geoenvironmental Engineering,May 1997.pp.438~445.
  4. 【10】 Charles D. Shackelford, “Evaluating the hydraulic conductivity of GCLs permeated with non-standard liquids” Geotextiles and Geomembranes 18 (2000) pp.133~161
  5. 【11】 Jae-Myung Lee and Charles D. Shackelford, “Impact of Bentonite Quality on Hydraulic Conductivity of Geosynthetic Clay Liners”, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering,
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃翔懋(2008)。膨潤土布在淡水、海水環境交互變異下之 止水成效與微觀特性研究。中原大學土木工程研究所學位論文。2008。1-108。 
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