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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 187 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 13.戴豪君,網路VS.法律,財團法人資訊工業策進會科技法律中心,1999。
  2. 1.林長慶,服務貿易談判困境之剖析,收錄於WTO電子報專題分析集,中華經濟研究院台灣WTO中心(2007)。
  3. 6.馮震宇,論網路商業化所面臨的管轄權問題,收錄於網路法基本問題研究(一),頁23-62,學林出版社,二版(2000)。
  4. 1.王郁琦、王明禮,網際網路互連機制之研究,成大法學,第九期,頁209-261(2004)。
  5. 6.林怡君,台灣「賭禁」與「經濟」孰輕孰重的再思,台灣經濟研究月刊,第三十卷,第十期,頁83-91(2007)。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佳玟(2008)。臺北市國小足球參與者運動價值觀及社會支持之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-142。
  2. 陳雯英(2012)。柔道選手運動價值觀、組織承諾與運動自我效能之實證研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2012。1-129。
  3. 林俊佑(2012)。家長參與兒童課後運動社團角色與運動價值觀之研究-以足球俱樂部為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-189。
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