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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] Davenport, T. H. (1993). Process Innovation: Reengineering Work through Information Technology, Harvard Business School Press.
  2. [2] Dorador, J. M. and R. I. M. Young (2000). "Application of IDEF0, IDEF3 and UML methodologies in the creation of information models." International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing Vol.13, Number 5, : pp. 430-445(416).
  3. [4] Hahn, G. J. and W. J. Hill (1999). "The Impact of Six Sigma Improvement—A Glimpse into the Future of Statistics." The American Statistician Vol.53,Issue 3: pp.208-215.
  4. [5] Hammer, M. and Champy (1993). Reengineering the Corporation - A Manifesto for Business Revolution. . New York, Harper Collins Publishers.
  5. [6] Hammer, M. and Champy (1993). Reengineering the Corporation - A Manifesto for Business Revolution. . New York, Harper Collins Publishers.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊富彬(2015)。桃園市國小教師工作價值觀、工作壓力與幸福感關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-151。 
  2. 溫依瑄(2013)。桃園縣高中職教師情緒智力與幸福感關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-187。 
  3. 蘇淑萍(2012)。高雄市國小教師生活壓力與性生活滿意度之相關研究。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所學位論文。2012。1-235。 
  4. 馮麗君(2008)。國中生生活壓力、正向壓力因應策略與幸福感之關聯性研究。成功大學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-127。
  5. 陳雅琳(2010)。WSBL選手生涯規劃與生活滿意度之調查研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-139。
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