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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.李惠宗,論「選舉幽靈人口」的罪與罰-最高法院88年度台上字第5895號刑事判決及台南地檢署有關選舉幽靈人口法律問題座談意見評釋,台灣本土法學雜誌,第9期,頁29以下(2000.4)
  2. 13.紀俊臣,單一選舉區劃分與行政區劃,頁4(2005)。
  3. 16. Gary S. Becker, “Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach”, Journal of Political Economy, Vol.76 (1968), pp.169-217.轉摘自財團法人國家政策研究基金會,陳朝政「國政研究報告-從第4屆高雄巿長選舉省思選舉訴訟制度」,2007年4月27日。
  4. 17.絲漢德,刑法妨害投票罪章之存廢,法令月刊,第59卷第8期,(2008.8)。
  5. 20.游明得,賄選罪的誤解與正解,財團法人國家政策研究基金會,(2007.1.30)。
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