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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林以正(1999)。華人的社會比較:比較什麼?與誰比較?為何比較?「本土心理學研究」,11,93-125。
  2. 王晴巧(2002)。「印象驗明行為之探討-以向度、對象及印象落差性質來檢驗華人之自謙行為」。私立中原大學心理學研究所碩士論文。
  3. Aron, A., Aron, E. A., Tudor, M., & Nelson, G. (1991). Close relationships as including other in self. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 241-253.
  4. Beach, S. R. H., Tesser A., Fincham, F. D. Jones, D. J., Johnson, D., & Whitaker, D. J. (1998) . Pleasure and pain in doing well, together: An investigation of performance-related affect in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 923-938.
  5. Boen, F., Vanbeselaere, N., & Feys, J. (2002). Behavioral consequences of fluctuating group success: An internet study of soccer-team fans. Journal of Social Psychology, 142, 769-781.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇純慧(2011)。發展小數乘法數位化教學方案之行動研究。交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程學位論文。2011。1-118。 
  2. 陳憶華(2008)。從社會比較理論分析購買價格價差對欺騙線上口碑的影響。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-142。 
  3. 張梅楓(2009)。客觀表現與社會比較對青少年自尊的預測。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-133。
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