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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 156 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李正貴(2002)。從 數學難、數學美 談數學教育。科學教育,253,19-27。
  2. 李長燦(2003)。“可能發展區”概念的新詮釋及其對幼兒教育的啟示。幼兒保育學刊,1,1-18。
  3. 林怡君(2001)。建構教學對輕度智能障礙學生數概念應用成效之研究。國立高雄師範大學特殊教育學系碩士論文。全國博碩士論文資訊網,089NKNU0284002。
  4. 林怡君、鈕文英(2001)。建構教學對輕度智能障礙學生數概念應用成效之研究。特殊教育學報,15,49-83。
  5. 林奕宏、張景媛(2001)。多元智能與問題解決整合型教學模式對國小學生數學學習表現之影響。教育心理學報,33(1),1-30。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉育辰(2015)。數位遊戲式學習融入國小智能障礙學生數學學習成效之探究。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-132。 
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