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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 163 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何柔慧,2003,台北縣國民小學教師教育改革壓力知覺與專業承諾之相關研究,碩士論文,台北師範學院國民教育研究所。
  2. 李明宗,1999,桃園縣國民小學校長領導行為與教師工作壓力之關係研究,碩士論文,國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所。
  3. 吳宗立,1996,國民中學行政人員工作壓力與因應策略之研究,國教學報,8,99-131頁。
  4. 吳政融,2002,大學體育教師工作壓力及因應方式之研究,碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學體育研究所。
  5. 吳淑卿,2003,室內設計業者性別角色信念、家庭承諾、專業承諾關係之研究,碩士論文,中原大學室內設計研究所。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許桂鳳(2009)。桃園縣高級中學教師工作壓力、組織公民行為與教學效能關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-216。 
  2. 蔡鴻志(2008)。工作特性、工作生活品質與專業承諾之研究----以某國際商業銀行為例。長榮大學企業管理學系(所)學位論文。2008。1-75。
  3. 趙翠雲(2009)。因應大學教師工作壓力的健康促進方案研擬與推廣 ~以元智大學職場為例。元智大學資訊傳播學系學位論文。2009。1-145。
  4. 涂鈺佩(2011)。休閒參與、休閒涉入、休閒效益對幸福感之研究-以雲林縣國小教師為例。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2011。1-119。
  5. 陳慧珊(2016)。國中生休閒涉入、時間管理與學業成就關係之研究– 以雲林縣崇德國中為例。虎尾科技大學企業管理系經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-103。
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