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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 135 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王斐青、尚瑞國 (2004)。利潤中心制度與臺灣地區國際觀光旅館經營效率:DEA方法之應用。企業管理學報,61,99-120。
  2. 王斐青、洪維廷、尚瑞國(2004)。臺灣地區國際觀光旅館經營型態與經濟效率之衡量,亞太經濟管理評論,7(2),109-123。
  3. 吳政和 (1992)。 中式國際觀光旅館連鎖經營之研究。交通建設,41(9),18-26。
  4. 翁興利、李豔玲、潘婉如 (1996)。對效率之衡量:DEA 之運用•中國行政評論,
  5. 崔曉倩、吳文棋 (2007)。裁撤與非效率之間:其由效率角度檢視台糖製糖場廠的關閉政策。人文社會科學集刊,19(2),231-266。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡玉虹(2013)。金控業下之銀行在不同景氣狀況下經營績效之比較。樹德科技大學金融系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-73。
  2. 傅正鋒(2017)。資本資產定價模型於台灣金控業之實證研究。樹德科技大學金融系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-56。
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