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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 196 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何篤光、沈志堅、楊馥琴(2009)。高中生休閒態度與休閒效益關係之分析研究-以屏東縣(市)地區為例,臺灣觀光學報,6,33-46。
  2. 余瑋舲(2009)。大臺北地區自行車參與者休閒態度與休閒效益之相關研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
  3. 呂惠富(2008)。休閒運動之參與動機與休閒效益關係之研究。休閒產業管理學刊,1(1),41-53。
  4. 李思屏(2001)。遊客對生態旅遊之環境態度與行為關係之研究-以關渡自然公園為例。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣大學,台北市。
  5. 李素馨、彭美玲(2004)。環境態度與行為互動關係─以社區環境教育活動為例。戶外遊憩研究,17(4),23-41。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭家禎(2014)。探討黑暗觀光旅遊動機與環境態度之關係並研擬小林村紀念公園管理策略。高雄餐旅大學旅遊管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-134。 
  2. 傅貽瑞(2013)。金門戰地觀光旅遊行為之研究。高雄餐旅大學旅遊管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-122。 
  3. 黃凱輝(2004)。ERP系統之績效評估-對照樣本法之應用。臺灣大學會計學研究所學位論文。2004。1-70。 
  4. 林芸安(2017)。墓園旅遊之動機與情緒體驗對重遊意願之影響-以兩蔣文化園區兩岸遊客為例。中興大學景觀與遊憩碩士學位學程學位論文。2017。1-97。
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