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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王仕圖(2000)。個人社會支持的網絡結構:以快速成長的效區社區為例。臺 灣社會學刊第23期。頁141-178。
  2. 王卿蘭。老人長期照護機構服務品質與生活品質之研究-以台北縣為例。國立臺灣大學醫療機構管理研究所碩士論文。 
  3. 江明修、梅高文(2003)。自律乎?他律乎?財團法人監督機制之省思。中國行政評論,12(2),137-160。
  4. 呂寶靜(2000)。老人朋友網絡支持功能之初探。社會政策與社會工作學刊。第四卷,2:44-69。
  5. 宋冀寧(2000)。社會福利機構服務品質相關因素探討之研究。暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許書銘(2013)。長期照護機構感知服務品質之研究。屏東科技大學資訊管理系所學位論文。2013。1-83。 
  2. 林佳慧(2015)。靈性照顧對安老所老人生活適應之探討。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2015。1-126。 
  3. 童佳琪(2012)。大台南地區小型老人養護機構服務品質之探討。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2012。1-114。
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