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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
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* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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A study on children's concept about elderly

蕭怡筠 , Masters  Advisor:林歐貴英  


幼兒老人概念young childrenelderlyconcept

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高琳芸(2004)。台灣社區老年人生活型態和生活品質之相關研究。國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系碩士班論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 陳玫月(2002)。國中生對老人的態度之研究---焦點團體訪談法。國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系在職進修碩士班論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 陳智昌(1985)。我國學生對老人的態度和行為意向調查研究。國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系,未出版,台北。
  4. 陳舜文(1999)。「仁」與「禮」:台灣民眾的家庭價值觀與工作態度。應用心理研究,4,205-227。
  5. 黃津文(2001)。幼兒與老人代間課程之研究。國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系論文,未出版,台北。
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