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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文科(1995)。教育概論。台北市:五南
  2. 李秀貞(2002)。電腦媒體教學與自我效能對國中理化學習成就之相關研究。國立臺灣師範大學化學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 林余思(2002):國中學生在資訊科技融入生物科學習中後設認知的表現。國立臺灣師範大學生物學系碩士論文,未出版,台北巿。
  4. 林合彥(2004)。具有教學支援的網路化模擬學習環境。國立台灣師範大學資訊教育所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 林秀玉、涂志銘、林祖強、鄭湧涇(2006)。國一學生遺傳概念學習成效與屬性之探討。載於國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所舉辦之「中華民國第22 屆科學教育學術研討會」論文集(頁508-514),台北市。
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