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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王郁芳(2004)。台北縣某完全中學國中生拒菸行為及相關因素研究。國立台灣師範大學衛生教育學系碩士論文。
  2. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2006)。取自2009/06/17
  3. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2007)。取自2007/8/24
  4. 李家宜、林慧淳、江東亮(2003)。地區剝奪程度、個人社經地位、與台灣男性成人的吸菸行為。台灣公共衛生雜誌,22(1),10-16。
  5. 李景美(1998)。台北市中小學生對菸品廣告之反應研究。健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌,18,13-24。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃杏彩(2010)。國中生社會人口學變項與健康行為相關性研究─以台中市某國民中學為例。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-146。
  2. 詹佩芬(2010)。青少年發展性資產與危害健康行為之研究-以基隆市國中學生為例。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-283。
  3. 鍾佳珊(2010)。臺北市大同區國中生發展性資產概況之分析。臺灣師範大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2010。1-138。
  4. 陳琬菁(2012)。新竹市某國中學生吸菸行為及意向與知覺家長預防吸菸措施之關係研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-219。
  5. 梁宜芬(2014)。影響國中生吸菸行為相關因素之研究:以桃園縣為例。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2014。1-175。
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