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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱麗玲、謝玲玲、顏克典、謝伸裕 (2007)。ACTN3與ACE基因多形性與優秀爆發型運動員的相關性。體育學報,40,1-12頁。
  2. 賴淑萍 (2006)。大學生「女運動員三症候群」之相關探討。國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系,碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  3. Adhihetty, P. J., Irrcher, I., Joseph, A. M., Ljubicic, V., & Hood, D.A. (2003). Plasticity of skeletal muscle mitochondria in response to contractile activity. Experimental Physiology, 88(1): 99-107.
  4. American College of Sports Medicine. (2006). Guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. (7th Edition), Lippincott, Inc., PA, USA.
  5. Amir, O., Amir, R., Yamin, C., Attias, E., Eynon, N., Sagiv, M., Sagiv, M., & Meckel, Y. (2007). The ACE deletion allele is associated with Israeli elite endurance athletes. Experimental Physiology, 92(5):881-886
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李俞麟(2012)。大專校院運動代表隊績效指標建構與績效評估之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-237。
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