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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 131 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑞霞(1994)。社區老年人健康體能活動參與及相關因素的探討‧行政院衛生署八十三年度委託研究計畫。
  2. 朱嘉華(1997)。國小教師運動習慣對睡眠品質影響之研究。體育學報,第26輯,217-224頁。
  3. 行政院勞工委員會(1995)。勞工安全衛生研究報告-國人工作壓力量表之建立。行政院勞工委員會勞工安全衛生研究所編印。
  4. 李彩華(1998)。臺北市國中學生身體活動量及其影響因素研究。國立臺灣師範大學體育研究所碩士論文。
  5. 李蘭、陸玓玲、李隆安、黃美維、潘怜燕、鄧肖琳(1995)。臺灣地區成人的健康行為探討:分佈情形因素結構和相關因素。中華衛誌,14 (4),358-367。
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