Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂淑玲、楊絢晞(2005)。探討音感訓練在音樂內涵上所扮演的角色。藝術學報,77,115-136。
  2. 李君儀(2003)。國小四年級兒童「曲調」聽音能力之調查研究。國立台北師範學院音樂研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 林璿姿(2008)。內在聽音訓練對兒童曲調音感能力之影響。國立台北教育大學音樂學系碩士班碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 周志菀(2007)。宜蘭縣國華國中音樂班學生聽寫成績與相關因素之研究。國立台灣師範大學音樂系在職進修碩士班碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  5. 徐秀娟(2008)。音樂才能班主副修教學的探討與省思。屏東教育大學學報,31,1-32。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佩芬(2015)。國民中學音樂才能班國樂團團隊效能之研究。屏東科技大學高階經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-109。 
  2. 林柏均(2012)。國中音樂班學生升學選擇之調查研究-以南部地區為例。臺灣師範大學音樂學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-105。
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