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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王千倖(2003),〈以網路同儕教學建構網路學習社群行動研究〉,《師大學報》,第48期,頁119-142。
  2. 金壽梅(2005),《全民國防教育之推展:社會資源整合的觀點》,元智大學資訊社會研究所論文。
  3. 金育台(2006),《我國軍訓教官甄選與任用制度之研究》,臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 吳美美(1998),〈建構一個終身學習的自學式網路資源知識庫〉,《教學科技與媒體》,第41期,頁32-42。
  5. 周倩、孫春在(1995),〈遠距合作學習環境之設計與建立: CORAL經驗〉,《教學科技與媒體》,第26期,頁13-21。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇筱喻(2013)。運用社群網站輔助合作學習之學習成效評估─以理財線上課程為例。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2013。1-117。 
  2. 黃淑敬(2012)。臺北市高中職學生對全民國防教育教科書滿意度之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-106。
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