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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 9. 拓墣產業研究所(2008a)。數位相機結合數位相框打造舊產品新應用典範。臺北市,拓璞科技股份有限公司。
  2. 11. 拓墣產業研究所(2008c)。數位家庭新契機多元通訊技術發展趨勢。臺北市,拓璞科技股份有限公司。
  3. 18. 張秉生(2009)。創新產品開發之概念生成─以Eee PC和Wii為例。國立政治大學科技管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 19. 許淑珍(2008)。數位相框介面模式對使用者操作績效影響。大同大學工業設計研究所碩士論文。
  5. 22. 陳賜賢(2006)。捲土重來!從數位相框市場發展趨勢剖析顯示面板新商機。臺北市:財團法人資訊工業策進會。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李銘堂(2013)。建構母音為首的英文學習系統研究。臺北科技大學管理學院工業工程與管理EMBA專班學位論文。2013。1-166。 
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