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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 杜鴻模(民91),物理科低成就學生之輔導個案,科學教育月刊第252期。
  2. 林金盾(民89),九年一貫『自然科課程的理念與實務』之我見。科學教育月刊,231期,17-19頁。
  3. 徐敏榮(民91),國小自然科學課程實驗活動層次與符合STS概念之分析,以國立編譯館版本第十二冊為例,科學教育月刊,255期,24-35頁。
  4. 姚如芬(民90),從學較本位教學模組之發展協助小學數學教師專業成長之研究,載於國立嘉義大學教育學院主編:2001年海峽兩岸小學教育學術研討會論文集,185-208頁。
  5. 傅學海(民91),創意教學與模組,科學教育月刊,249期,57-60頁。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張瑞村(2014)。3D電腦繪圖軟體SketchUp對國中生活科技學習成效之研究-以製造科技為例。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-117。 
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