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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁斌悅(2001)。國二學生學習線型函數時的概念表徵發展研究。國立台灣師範大學數學所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 左台益、蔡志仁(2001)。動態視窗之橢圓教學實驗。師大學報4(1,2): 21-42.
  3. 李岱芳(2001)。情境式學習在「氧化還原」網站之應用與研究。靜宜大學應用化學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中。
  4. 卓沛勳(2007)。空間能力測驗之因素分析。國立台灣科技大學技術及職業教育研究所,未出版,台北。
  5. 林小慧(2005)。具體影像空間教學策略與中學生理化學習之相關研究。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系,未出版,臺北。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何泓葆(2013)。虛擬教具融入討論教學法與自學輔導法對國中學生二度空間概念學習成效之研究。交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程學位論文。2013。1-132。 
  2. 紀貫騰(2015)。使用教學表徵在國二自然與生活科技領域之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-140。 
  3. 江姿萱(2012)。家長的偽科學概念與帶孩子學科學的自我效能在參觀科教館的態度與意圖之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2012。1-105。
  4. 黃卉珍(2012)。探討雙重鷹架在多重表徵的動態幾何環境中對解題過程之影響-以二元一次方程式為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-123。
  5. 李美螢(2012)。多重表徵理論在理化科教學成效之研究-以波動與聲音的世界單元為例。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-105。
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