Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Previous Page
Next Page
There is no full-text available at the moment. Airiti would like to request author's authorization. I would like to provide authorization.


鹿智鈞 , Masters  Advisor:莊吉發  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 334 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 《清代起居注冊・康熙朝》,臺北:聯經出版公司,2009。
    2. 國立故宮博物院編,《宮中檔康熙朝奏摺》,臺北:國立故宮博物院,1976。
    3. 國立故宮博物院編,《宮中檔雍正朝奏摺》,臺北:國立故宮博物院,1979。
    4. 國立故宮博物院編,《宮中檔雍正朝奏摺‧滿文諭摺》,臺北:國立故宮博物院,1980。
    5. 國立故宮博物院編,《宮中檔乾隆朝奏摺》,臺北:國立故宮博物院,1983。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張尹寧(2013)。禽鳥之微,不可通於政治乎──鷹與滿洲政治文化。臺灣大學歷史學研究所學位論文。2013。1-198。 
    2. 劉世珣(Shih-Hsun Liu)(2013)。清末旗人的齊民化。臺灣師大歷史學報。(49)。137-206。 
    3. 陳彥育(2012)。晚清的法律、社會與國家--以《點石齋畫報》的法律事件為中心。臺灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-98。
    4. 劉世珣(2012)。清中期以後的旗務政策(1780-1911)。臺灣師範大學歷史學系學位論文。2012。1-350。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
    E-mail :
    When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
    E-mail :