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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 188 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孔德(2005)。牆與橋:大學學生事務人員對同志學生態度轉變歷程之研究。台灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導研究所碩士論文。
  2. 台灣同志諮詢熱線協會(主編)(2003)。親愛的爸媽,我是同志。台北市:心靈工坊。
  3. 台灣同志諮詢熱線協會(主編)(2007)。去年成果。台北:社團法人台灣同志諮詢熱線協會96年度募款書。
  4. 伍育英(2009)。心理治療中的靈性/宗教衡鑑與處遇。諮商與輔導,286,2-8。
  5. 伍育英(2010)。心理治療中靈性宗教處遇的內涵、適切性與有效性。輔仁大學天主教學術研究院主辦「基督宗教諮商輔導研討會」宣讀之論文(台北)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳秉華(Ping-Hwa Chen);詹杏如(Shing-Ru Chan);范嵐欣(Lan-Hsin Fan);Michael J. Mullahy(2015)。基督徒諮商師融入靈性的諮商實務經驗。教育心理學報。46(4)。565-587。 
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