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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳清山(2003)。國民階段辦理非學校型態實驗教育之挑戰與策略。北縣教育,45,頁18-26。
  2. 林吟霞(2010)。自主學習取向之適性課程與教學研究:臺灣小學與德國小學「方案教學」個案比較。課程與教學季刊,13(3),頁47-76。
  3. 林海清(2007)。創意校園的規劃與經營。創意校園規劃與經營,中華民國學校建築研究學會(主編),頁11-23。
  4. 姜振田(2008)。桃園縣國民中學教師對學校建築滿意度及需求之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文。
  5. 陳宥年(2008)。探討開放式國小校園之規劃與用後評估─以象設計集團所規劃隻土牛國小、水尾國小、中科國小為例。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文。
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