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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱美瑰(2008)。網路犯罪新型態~看不見的拳頭;青少年網路霸凌現象初探。諮商與輔導,268, 6-10。
  2. 吳明隆、簡妙如(2009)。青少年網路霸凌行為探究。中等教育, 60(3),90-109。
  3. 周倩、吳歡鵲、陳茵嵐、王美鴻(2009)。「資訊素養與倫理」大學通識教育課程-理念、主題、教學策略與執行成效。大學圖書館,13(2), 24-44。
  4. 郗雯韻(2011)。青少年媒體使用行為、色情暴力訊息暴露與霸凌經驗之探討-以新北市高中職一年級學生為例(未出版碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系,台北市。
  5. 陳怡儒、鄭瑞隆、陳慈幸(2010)。少年網路霸凌被害因素研究-以日常活動被害理論分析。青少年犯罪防治研究期刊, 2(2),100-140。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 馮嘉玉(2013)。國中校園霸凌防治介入計畫~含同儕性騷擾防治。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系學位論文。2013。1-274。
  2. 陳美如(2014)。性霸凌防治課程對國中智能障礙學生實施成效之研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-174。
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