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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱鴻麟和高紹源(民86)。閱讀高中化學教科書後對高一學生所具有之迷思概念影響之研究-勒沙特列原理。 科學與教育學報, 1, 235-257.
  2. 洪月女、靳知勤(民97)。科學寫作理論與教學之探討。課程與教學季刊,11(2),173-192。
  3. Atkinson, R.C., & Shiffrin, R. M. (1968). Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes. In K. Spence and J. Spence (Eds.), The psychology of learning and motivation (Vol. 2). New York: Academic Press.
  4. Beerenwinkel, A, & Parchmann, I, & Grasel, C (2011). Conceptual change texts in chemistry teaching: a study on the particle model of matter. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education(9), 5, 1235-1259.
  5. Christianson, S. A., Loftus, E. F., Hoffman, H., & Loftus, G. R. (1991). Eye fixations and memory for emotional events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 17, 693–701.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 盧逸宏(2015)。圖像結合文字對圖像內容記憶之影響。清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系學位論文。2015。1-86。 
  2. 黃思嘉(2018)。科普訊息圖文設計對不同認知風格大專校院生閱讀理解之影響。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2018。1-106。 
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