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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 244 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孔祥明(1999)。婆媳過招為哪樁?婆婆媳婦與兒子(丈夫)三角關係的探討。應用心理研究,4,57-96。
  2. 王曉萍(2004)。己婚男性的性別角色態度、婚姻滿意度及父職參與之研究-以國中學生父親為例。台灣師大人類發展與家庭學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 伍育英、鄭玉英、杜長齡(2009)。多重夫妻支持性團體模式效果之初探-以高風險家庭為例。教育心理學報,41,185-204。
  4. 李怡真、林以正(2006)。愛情關係中的情緒表達衝突之縱貫研究。中華心理學刊,48(1),53-67。
  5. 李思亮(2000)。已婚男性婚姻品質相關之研究-以育有學齡子女父親為對象。師大家政教育研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周書帆(2015)。中國音樂相關學系畢業生生涯阻礙與因應策略之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-140。 
  2. 趙慈慧(2013)。成年男性親密關係議題之諮商經驗研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2013。1-194。
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