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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王天苗(1994)。心智發展障礙幼兒家庭狀況之研究。特殊教育研究學刊,10,119-141。
  2. 王慧伶(2008)。社區照顧關懷據點服務與老人生活品質之相關性研究-以高雄市為例。未出版之碩士論文。暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作學系,南投縣。
  3. 朱鳳英(2007)。臺北市早期療育服務社區照顧經驗。護理雜誌,54(5),18-22。
  4. 江季蓁、駱麗華(2002)。新診斷白血病兒童住院期間主要照顧者之生活品質。護理雜誌,49(2),42-50。
  5. 何志鴻、黃惠璣 (2007)。影響身心障礙兒童家庭照顧者憂鬱之因素。身心障礙研究,5(1),41-50。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳曉涵(2016)。早產兒父親的父職參與及其相關因素之研究。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-208。
  2. 許津維(2017)。發展遲緩兒家長健康及相關因素的探討。中山醫學大學公共衛生學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-82。
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