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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 大同資訊企業股份有限公司 (民88)。高中基礎地球科學,台中市。
    2. 林佩璇 (民81) 。台灣省國立高級職業學校合作學習實驗研究,國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。
    3. 董家莒、張俊彥 (民88)。以「問題解決」為策略之電腦輔助教學學習成效:以土石流單元為例,中華民國第十五屆科學教育學術研討會手冊,133。
    4. Anderson, A., Tolmie, A., McAteer, E., & Demissie, A. (1993). Software style and interaction around the microcomputer. Computer and Education, 20(3), 235-250.
    5. Burmester, M. A. (1953). Construction and validation of a test to measure some of inductive aspect of scientific thinking. Science Education, 37, 131-140.
    Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
    1. 廖桂菁(2000)。情境式網路學習環境對科學學習之影響。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2000。1-133。
    2. 謝惠珠(2000)。應用概念改變教學策略在颱風常識學習的評估。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2000。1-187。
    3. 龍慧真(2001)。學生繪製V圖對國二理化實驗教學之影響。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2001。1-122。
    4. 陳盟翔(2002)。職前教師潮汐迷思概念之探討。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2002。1-117。
    5. 王等元(2002)。網路輔助成人遠距學習者互動性距離動態模型研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2002。1-176。
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