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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院體育委員會(民88)。中華民國體育白皮書。台北:體委會。
  2. 林國棟(民85)。學校體育之運動設施事業。大專體育,28,頁29-45。
  3. 黃英忠,曹國雄、黃同圳、張火燦、王秉鈞(民87)。人力資源管理。台北:華泰。
  4. 廖尹華(民86)。台北市公立大學院校運動設施開放與經營管理問題之探討。國民體育季刊,26(1),頁56-64。
  5. 鄭志富、劉衡江、廖貴地、溫良財、程瑞福、許智惠,(民87)。全國各級學校運動場地設施調查研究。台北:國立台灣師範大學體育研究與發展中心。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李美雲(2010)。運動場館管理考量與阻礙因素之研究-以高雄縣國民中學為例。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-125。
  2. 柯淑女(2010)。學校運動設施使用者滿意度之研究-以至善國中為例。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2010。1-52。
  3. 張家萍(2012)。地方政府對國民中小學學校預定地開發與維護管理之研究。臺灣師範大學教育政策與行政研究所學位論文。2012。1-102。
  4. 吳雅秋(2016)。大專校院學生對運動場館設施使用需求與滿意度之研究-以國立彰化師範大學為例。彰化師範大學運動學系運動與健康休閒碩士班學位論文。2016。1-145。
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