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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 161 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭玉霞(民81)。簡介修曼的教學知識概念。師友月刊,302,35-37。
  2. 張瑜弦(民90)。專家教師專業知識之個案研究一以一位英語教師為例。臺灣師
  3. 謝秀月(民90)。國小自然教師科學教學實踐知識與科學教學表徵之個案研究。
  4. Ber1iner, D.C.(1986). In pursuit of the expert pedagogue. Educational Researcher,
  5. Reproduction Service No. ED 298122)
Times Cited (18) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佳宜(2008)。國民小學專家教師專業成長需求與參與方式之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-193。 
  2. 蔡元胤(2012)。國中二年級學生對於幾何問題迷思之探討。中原大學應用數學研究所學位論文。2012。1-97。 
  3. 謝麗媛(2011)。國小數學教師使用萬用揭示板發展TPACK之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-136。 
  4. 司徒世偉(2011)。高中數學中的排列組合之問題導向研究。中原大學應用數學研究所學位論文。2011。1-63。 
  5. 羅銘辰(2011)。從一位國小教師的課程觀探討其將數學教科書轉化為運作課程之個案研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-141。 
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