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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 光佑文化編輯部編(1996)幼兒教育模式1—世界幼教趨勢與台灣本土經驗。台北:光佑。
    2. 周勳男(譯)(1988)。Potter, David&Anderson, James E.著。有效的討論—實習手冊。台北市:幼獅。
    3. 李昭瑩(2004)。主題課程下幼兒經驗課程之個案研究。國立台灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系碩士論文,台北市。
    4. 杜宜展(1996)。國小學生發問行為及其相關因素之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文,台北市。
    5. 高儷育(2000)。一個幼稚園班級內「團體討論」之研究。國立臺灣師範大學家政教育系碩士論文,台北市。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳淑瑜(2009)。運用迷你課程改善學生發問行為之行動研究。臺東大學進修部語文教育碩學位在職專(暑)學位論文。2009。1-168。 
    2. 黃碧容(2008)。幼稚園資淺教師與資深教師在團體討論活動中之語言使用比較研究。臺東大學進修部暑期幼兒教育碩士班學位論文。2008。1-82。 
    3. 萊素珠(Su-Chu Lai);張哲瑛(Che-Ying Chang);張雅惠(Ya-Hui Chang)(2017)。有焦點的教學省思札記與幼兒老師專業成長關係之研究。長庚科技學刊。(27)。47-62。 
    4. 簡馨瑩(2006)。國小教師之教學專業發展研究:以閱讀策略教學為例。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-226。
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