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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林志昇(民92)。一位資深幼教工作者的生命故事。國立台灣師範大學人類發展與家庭研究所碩士論文。
  2. 吳齊殷(民88)。量表的發展:理論與應用。台北:弘智。
  3. 鄭珊姍(民91)。幼教機構主管專業發展及其相關因素之研究。國立台灣師範大學人類發展與家庭研究所碩士論文。
  4. Catron C. E., & Groves M. M.(1999). Teacher to Director:A Development Journey. Early Childhood Education journal, 26(3), 183-188.
  5. 台北市教育局(民89)。公立幼稚園一覽表。台北:作者。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張愛絹(2006)。臺北縣市幼稚園園長課程領導行為之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2006。1-202。
  2. 陳湘寧(2010)。林務局人員自然教育中心專業知能與專業發展需求之研究。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-185。
  3. 楊薇蓉(2012)。環境學習中心特殊需求方案執行人員量能提升之行動研究──以關渡自然公園為例。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-203。
  4. 宇信學(2013)。臺北市美容業業者對高中職美容科畢業生專業能力需求之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-176。
  5. 楊東一(2013)。公立國民中學資訊組長工作壓力與時間 管理之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-135。
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