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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 198 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 中華民國成人教育學會(1999)。制訂終身教育法可行性之研究。10-22。臺北:教育部。
    2. 李明(2003)譯,Larry Bossidy & Ram Charan 著。執行力。30-32。臺北:天下遠見出版社。
    3. 張明輝(2002)。知識經濟時代的學校經營理念。取自
    4. 教育部(2006)。教育施政主軸行動方案。
    5. 陳寶山(2001)。國民中小學校長遴聘政策執行之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文。
    Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
    1. 謝筱蕙(2009)。兩岸高中國語文教科書編制與政治意識形態選課研究 ──以龍騰版與人教版為例。淡江大學漢語文化暨文獻資源研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-486。 
    2. 王采蘋(2008)。台北縣市教育行政人員在職進修需求及其相關因素之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-158。 
    3. 藍瓊玉(2010)。臺東縣社區學習體系建構之研究。臺東大學社會科教育學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-130。 
    4. 洪淑珍(2015)。公文資訊管理系統發展與評估之探索性研究—以行政院所屬二級機關為例。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2015。1-214。 
    5. 馮清皇(2009)。國民小學教育政策執行力指標建構之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2009。1-402。
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