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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 文史辭源編輯委員會(民73),文史辭源,頁1217。台北:天成。
  2. 田振榮(民85),教育目標。載於江文雄主編「技術及職業教育概論」,第三章。台北:師大書苑。
  3. 江文雄(民85),技術及職業教育緒論。載於作者主編「技術及職業教育概論」,第一章。台北:師大書苑。
  4. 翁上錦(民80),發展我國職業訓練基礎電子模組化教材之研究。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文。未出版。
  5. 康自立(民67),工業職業教育能力本位課程設計之理論與實際,第四章。台北:國立台灣師範大學工業教育學系。
Times Cited (20) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡真(2007)。技能領域數位學習教學設計原則與模式。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-154。 
  2. 李慶憲(2008)。原住民圖騰藝術融入高職精密浮雕課程之設計及成效研究。臺東大學教育學系教學科技碩士班學位論文。2008。1-136。 
  3. 胡佳禎(2013)。屏東縣國中技藝教育專班學生技能學習態度、課程滿意度與職業自我概念之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-148。 
  4. 陳俊廷(2015)。高中物理平面運動教學方法之研究。臺灣大學機械工程學研究所學位論文。2015。1-121。 
  5. 莊崇成(1999)。TINA與EWB在數位電路技術教學的實驗研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。1999。1-195。
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